Ewenny Collection of Records
Reference code(s): GB 0214 DE
Held at: Glamorgan Record Office
Title: Ewenny Collection of Records
Short title: Ewenny Collection of records
Dates of creation: [13th century]-1926
Level of description: Fonds
Extent and medium: 0.8 cubic metres (704 items and bundles)
Name of creator(s): Ewenny estate
Administrative and biographical history: The Benedictine priory of Ewenny was dissolved in 1536, and leased in the same year to Sir Edward Carne (d 1561). In 1545 he purchased the priory, along with its possessions and those of St Peter's Gloucester within the lordship of Ogmore. The estate descended in the same family to Edward Carne (d 1650) who was succeeded by his two daughters and co-heirs. His daughter Blanche (d 1685) had Ewenny, and married her cousin Colonel Sir John Carne (d 1682), of Corntown, near Bridgend [or William Carn of Nash, according to NLW, Penrice and Margam collection 5823], whilst his other daughter, Martha, had Llandough, St Mary Church, Colwinston, and other lands. In 1677, Martha married Sir Edward Mansell of Margam, and their descendants held Llandough Castle into the 19th century. Richard Carne (c. 1669-1713) of Ewenny, the son of Colonel Carne and Blanche his wife, was succeeded by his two sisters and co-heirs. Frances (d 1714) the wife of Edward Turbervill of Sutton, and Jane (d 1741). Edward and Frances Turbervill were succeeded by their son Richard Turbervill. On the death of his aunt Jane Carne in 1741, he became the sole owner of the Ewenny estate. He also became possessed of the Hendrewen estate, Glamorgan, through his first wife Florence Lougher. Richard died in 1771 and was succeeded by his sister Cecil, who married as her second husband, the Rev. Edward Powell of Llandow, Glamorgan. Their daughter Cecil Powell married Thomas Picton of Poyston, Pembrokeshire, and had two sons and one daughter, Richard Turbervill Picton (d 1819), General Sir Thomas Picton (1758-1815), and Catherine who married John Warlow of Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire. Richard Turbervill Picton succeeded to the Ewenny estate, and in 1797 changed his name to Richard Turbervill Turbervill and married his kinswoman Elizabeth (b 1755), the eldest of the daughters and co-heirs of Rev. Gervase Powell (d 1795), rector of Llanfeugan and Merthyr Tydfil, prebendary of Llandaf, and owner of the Llanharan estate, Glamorgan, which was sold to Richard Hoare Jenkins in 1806. Richard Turbervill Turbervill was succeeded by his son Richard Turvervill Turbervill (d 1848), who was succeeded by his brother Colonel Gervase Powell Turberville (dsp 1861 or 1862). Part of his estate went to his widow, and part to his sister, Elizabeth Margaret Turbervill (d 1867) of Corntown Court near Bridgend, Glamorgan. He was succeeded by his great-nephew Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Picton-Warlow (d 1892), the grandson of John Warlow and Catherine his wife, above. He changed his name to Thomas Picton-Turbervill in 1867, and was succeeded by his brother Colonel John Picton-Turbervill (d 1924), who had changed his name from John Picton-Warlow in 1891. He in turn was succeeded by his son Charles Grenville Picton-Turbervill, who was succeeded by his daughter Eleonor Mary, the wife of Colonel Charles Thomas Edmondes, who were succeeded by their son Richard Picton-Turbervill.
Scope and content: Estate administration records, mainly accounts, vouchers and rentals, relating to the Ewenny and Hendrewen estates, 1736-1921, and the Llanharan estate, [17th century]-1800; deeds, [c. 13th century]-1910, mainly relating to the Ewenny estate in Glamorgan, and to the Poyston estate, Pembrokeshire, of the Picton family, 1686-1734; manorial records relating mainly to the manor of Ewenny, 1634-1805; probate records, 1640-1859; and papers relating to the Powell family, 1698-[early 20th century], and the Turbervill and Picton-Warlow families, [c. 1750]-1926.
ACCESS AND USE
System of arrangement: Arranged chronologically by record type: manorial records; estate administration records (subdivided into the separate estates); deeds (subdivided into the separate parishes), bonds and wills; family papers; and official and miscellaneous.
Conditions governing access: No restrictions
Conditions governing reproduction: Normal Glamorgan Record Office conditions apply.
Finding aids: Hard copies of the catalogue are available at Glamorgan Record Office, National Library of Wales and the National Register of Archives.
Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records which meet the collection policy of the Glamorgan Record Office have been retained.
Accruals: Accruals are not expected.
Archival history: Part of the archive was deposited at NLW in 1933 by Charles Grenville Turbervill, and numbered in two series, 1-30 and 1-630, the second group being bundles. The records were transferred to the Glamorgan Record Office and re-numbered DDE/1-442. The former NLW references are noted in the catalogue, and a conversion table is appended. The residue of the collection was numbered DDE/443-704. The two deposits, while numbered separately, have been arranged together in the catalogue.
Related units of description: Further papers relating to the Ewenny estate are National Library of Wales, Cilybebyll Estate Records, and National Library of Wales, Penrice and Margam Estate Records. Further papers relating to the Poyston estate are National Library of Wales, Picton Family Records, and National Library of Wales, Poyston Estate Records.
Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds.
Archivist's note: Compiled by Stephen Benham for the HMC/NLW Family and Estates project and amended by Richard Morgan, Glamorgan Record Office, for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Clark, George T., Limbus Patrum Morgani Glamorgani (London, 1886), Glamorgan Record Office, DDE, Catalogue of the Ewenny Collection of Records.
Rules or conventions: This description follows ANW guidelines based on ISAD(G) Second Edition; AACR2 and LCSH.
Date(s) of description: March 2002