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Gwent Archives

Monmouth Board of Guardians Records

Reference code(s): GB 0218 CSW.BG.M.

Held at:

Title: Monmouth Board of Guardians Records

Short title: Monmouth Board of Guardians records

Dates of creation: 1837-1932

Level of description: Fonds

Extent and medium: (Information to be supplied)

Name of creator(s): Monmouth (Wales). Poor Law Union. Board of Guardians


Administrative and biographical history: Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions that were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. Monmouth Poor Law Union was formed in 1836 and operated in constituent parishes of Crick, Cwmcarvan, Dingestow, Dixton, English Bicknor, Ganarew, Llandenni, Llandogo, Llangattock-Vibon-Avel, Llangovan, Llanishen, Llanrothal, Llantillio Crossenny, Llanvihangel-Ystern-Llewern, Mitchel Troy, Monmouth, Newland, Park Grace-Dieu, Penallt, Penrhos, Pen-y-clawdd, Raglan, Rockfield, St. Maughans, Skenfrith, Staunton, Tregare, Trellech, Welsh Bicknor, Welsh Newton, Whitchurch and Wonastow, in Monmouthshire and English Bicknor, Newland, West Dean, Staunton in Gloucestershire. For many years the old Monmouth parish workhouse was used by the Union. In 1870 a new workhouse was built in Monmouth. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties from time to time, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the time of the Local Government Act 1929. Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, with responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948.


Scope and content: Records of Monmouth Poor Law Union, 1836-1932, including Guardians' minute books, 1839-1930; committee minutes, 1877-1930; letter books, 1869-1924; correspondence, 1836-1930; relief order books, 1910-1930; medical records, 1914-1923; registers and returns, 1882-1930; financial records, 1837-1930; workhouse administration records, 1853-1932.


Language/script: English

System of arrangement: Arranged into the following: General administration; Poor relief; Medical; Reports, registers and returns; Finance; Workhouse administration.

Conditions governing access: No restrictions

Conditions governing reproduction: Usual copyright regulations apply.

Finding aids: A hard copy of the catalogue is available in Gwent Record Office.
Detailed catalogue


Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information: All records deposited at Gwent Record Office have been retained.

Accruals: Accruals are not expected

Immediate source of acquisition: Source not recorded


Related units of description: Further records of the Monmouth Union are NLW, Papers of C. D. Thomas, Assistant Overseer, 1854-1895; Gloucestershire Record Office, Poor rate books.


Note: Title supplied from contents of fonds

Archivist's note: Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Gwent Record Office, Monmouth Board of Guardians, catalogue; The History of Poor Law website (, viewed 21 September 2005.

Date(s) of description: September 2005



Monmouth Poor Law Union. | Board of Guardians | Archives

Poor laws | Wales | Monmouth

Personal names

Corporate names

Monmouth Poor Law Union | Board of Guardians